The work team`s internal functioning: bidimensionality, interdependence and performance.

Ana Luisa Pinto, Paulo Renato Lourenço


In this study, based on the work of Rousseau, Aubé and Savoie (2006a, 2006b), we will present the results of a research whose goal consisted of analysing the relationship between the internal functioning of teams and their team task performance, as well as the moderating role of task interdependence in that relationship.

The results of our study were shown to be partially consistent with those of Rousseau, Aubé and Savoie (2006b). In fact, if, on the one hand, the dimensions of the internal functioning of work teams are positively related to team performance, on the other hand, no empirical support was found concerning a moderation effect of task interdependence.


Work team's internal functioning; team; task interdependence; team performance; dimensions of the internal functioning of work teams

Texto completo:

PDF (English)


Bales, R. (1950). Interaction process analysis: A method for the study of small groups. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Barrick, M.R. Stewart, G. L., Neubert, M. J. & Mount, M.K. (1998). Relating member ability and personality to work-team processes and team effectiveness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(3), 377-391.

Barry, B., & Stewart, G. L., (1997). Composition, process, and performance in self-managed groups: The role of personality. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 62-78.

Blake, R. & Mouton, J. (1964). The Managerial Grid. Houston: Gulf.

Bryman, A. & Cramer, D. (1993). Análise dos dados em ciências sociais: Introdução às técnicas utilizando o SPSS (“Data analysis in the social sciences: Introduction to techniques using SPSS”). Oeiras: Celta.

Burke, M. J., & Dunlap, J. P. (2002). Estimating interrater agreement with the average deviation index: a user's guide. Organizational research methods, 5(2), 159-172.

Burke, M. J., Finkelstein, L. M., & Dusing, M. S. (1999). On average deviation indices for estimating interrater agreement. Organizational Research Methods, 2(1), 49-68.

Campion, M. A., Medsker, G. J., & Higgs, A. C. (1993). Relations between work group characteristics and effectiveness: Implications for designing effective work groups. Personnel Psychology, 46, 823-850.

Campion, M. A., Papper, E. M., & Medsker, G. J. (1996). Relations between work team characteristics and effectiveness: A replication and extension. Personnel Psychology, 49, 429-452.

Cartwright, D. & Zander, A. (Eds.), (1968). Group dynamics: Research and theory (3rd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.

Cartwright, D. (1968). The nature of group cohesiveness. In D. Cartwright & A. Zander (Eds.), Group dynamics : Research and theory (3rd. Ed., pp. 91-109). New York : Harper-Row.

Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Cohen, L. & Holliday, M. (1982). Statistics for Social Scientists, London: Harper & Row.

Davis, J.H. (1969). Individual-group problem solving, subject preference and problem type. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 13(4), 362-374.

Earley, P. C., & Northcraft, G. B. (1989). Goal setting, resource interdependence, and conflict. In M. A. Rahim (Ed.). Managing conflict: An interdisciplinary approach (pp. 161-170). New York: Praeger.

Fiedler, F. E. (1967). A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Gil, F., Rico, R. & Sánchez-Manzanares, M. (2008). Eficacia de equipos de trabajo.

Papeles del Psicólogo, 29(1), 25-31.

Gomes, A. D. (2000). Cultura Organizacional: comunicação e identidade (“Organizational Culture: communication and identity”). Coimbra: Quarteto Editora.

Guerra, J.M., Martínez, I., Munduate, L., & Medina, F.J (2005). A contingence perspective on the study of consequences of conflict types: the role of organizational culture. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 14 (2).

Hackman, J. (1987). The Design of Work Teams. In J. W. Lorsch (Ed.), Handbook of Organizational Behavior. Eglewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Hackman, J. R. (1987). The design of work teams. In J. Lorsch (Ed.), Handbook of organizational behavior (pp. 315-342). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall

Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (2005). Análise multivariada de dados (“Multivariate data analysis”) (5ª ed.). São Paulo: Bookman.

Harrison, D.A., Price, K.H. & Bell, M.P. (1998). Beyond relational demography: Time and the effects of surface and deep-level diversity on work group cohesion. Academy of Management Journal, 41(1), 96-107.

Hersey, P. & Blanchard, K. (1974). So you want to know your leadership style? Training and Development Journal, February, 1-15.

Hersey, P. & Blanchard, K. H. (1982). Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources (4th ed.). Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Hill, M. & Hill, A. (2000). Investigação por Questionário (“Research by Questionnaire”). Lisboa: Edições Sílabo.

Jehn, K. A. (1995). A multimethod examination of the benefits and detriments of

intragroup conflict. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40(2), 256-282.

Kozlowski, S.W.J. & Ilgen, D. R. (2006). Enhancing the effectiveness of work groups and teams. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 7(3), 77-124.

Langfred, C. (2005). Autonomy and performance in teams: the multilevel moderating effect of task interdependence. Journal of Management, 31, 513-529.

Likert, R. (1967). The Human Organization. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lourenço, P. R. (2002). Concepções e dimensões da eficácia grupal: Desempenho e níveis de desenvolvimento (“Conceptions and dimensions of group effectiveness: Performance and levels of development”) (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Lourenço, P.R. & Passos, A. (in press). Eficácia no Funcionamento dos Grupos (“Groups’ functioning effectiveness”). In J. Vala, M. e Benedicta Monteiro (coordenadores) Psicologia Social. 3ª Edição, Vol. 2, Lisboa: Gulbenkian.

Marks, M.A., Mathieu, J. E. & Zaccaro, S.J. (2001). A temporally based framework and taxonomy of team processes. Academy of Management Review, 26, 356-376.

Neuman, G. A. & Wright, J. (1999). Team effectiveness: Beyond skills and cognitive ability. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 376-389.

Rocha, M. (2010). O papel da interdependência na predição da eficácia grupal (“The role of interdependence in predicting group effectiveness”). (Unpublished master´s thesis). Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra.

Rousseau, V., Aubé, C., & Savoie, A. (2006a). Teamwork Behaviors: A Review and an Integration of Frameworks. Small Group Research, 37 (5), 540-570.

Rousseau, V., Aubé, C., & Savoie, A. (2006b). Le fonctionnement interne des équipes de travail : conception et mesure. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 38, 120-135.

Seashore, S.E. (1954). Group cohesiveness in the industrial work group. Oxford, England: Univ. of Michigan, Survey Research.

Shaw, M. (1981). Group Dynamics: the psychology of small group behavior (3rd ed.). New York : McGraw-Hill.

Shea, G., & Guzzo, R. (1987). Group effectiveness: What really matters? Sloan

Management Review, 3, 25-31.

St. Arnaud, Y. (1978). Les petits groupes: participation et communication. Montréal: Les Presses de L’Université de Montréal – Les Editions du CIM.

Tavares, M. (2006). Mudanças de paradigma na gestão de recursos humanos nas organizações (“Paradigm shifts in human resource management in organizations”) in Carvalho, J. E. & ASSOCIATES. Novo paradigma de gestão de recursos humanos para o século XXI. Lisboa: Universidade Lusíada Editora, pp. 21-35.

Van der Vergt, G., & Van de Vliert, E. (2002). Intragroup interdependence and effectiveness: Review and proposed directions for theory and practice. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(1), 50-67.

Weldon, E., Jehn, K. A., & Pradhan, P. (1991). Processes that mediate the relationship between a group goal and improved group performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 555-569.


Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • Não há apontamentos.

Direitos autorais 2014 Revista Gestão & Tecnologia

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.